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Worcester v. Georgia
About North Georgia

Introduction

On March_3, 1832 the United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Samuel Austin Worcestor, overturning a descision that originated in Gwinnett County by Augustin Clayton Smith on September_15, 1831. That descision held that Worcestor was at fault for not registering for a permit with the government of Georgia allowing him to work in the Cherokee Nation

The Marshall Court ruled that the state of Georgia could not extend its laws over the soveriegn Cherokee Nation. The Supreme Court ruling gave political standing not only to the Cherokee in Georgia but to all Nations of American Indians. The sole dissenter on the ruling was Justice Henry Baldwin, the half-brother of Abraham Baldwin who signed the Constitution for Georgia and was the first president of the State University system.

Facts of the case

In 1830 the state of Georgia created Cherokee County, sometimes called Original Cherokee County to distinguish it from the Cherokee County created in 1832 and still in existence today. The county was the political representation of the Cherokee Nation. Four existing Georgia counties where assigned to provide judicial services for the Cherokee, in spite of the fact that the Cherokee already had a healthy judicial system including a Supreme Court since 1823.

County: Gwinnett County

American Indians of Georgia
Moundbuilders, Creek and Cherokee all called North Georgia home
Georgia History
Articles about North Georgia history and the state in general. This section is currently being developed. For more information on Georgia History, please see The Civil War in Georgia

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Augustin Clayton Smith
Cherokee Nation
Gwinnett County
Original Cherokee County
Samuel Austin Worcestor

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