About North Georgia
North Georgia lodging
More from About North Georgia on Facebook (no account required)






Search
Adventure
Attractions
Biographies
Books
Businesses
Cherokee
Christmas
Civil War
Counties
Creek
Events
Facts
Features
Food
Giving Back
Helen
History
Indians
Letters
Lodging
Moundbuilders
Mountains
Naturally
Notes
Parks
Past Issues
Photography
Poetry
Railroads
Revolution
Rivers
Roads
Stops
Tenn
Travel
Voices
Weather
Website

Atlanta Campaign
Opening Curtain
From Chattanooga to Kingston
About North Georgia

Initial movements

General George Thomas moved east slowly from Ringgold on May 4, 1864 to attack Joseph E. Johnston's entrenchments around the city of Dalton. The Army of the Cumberland was giving Major General John Schofield time enough to move south through Varnell and the Crow Valley from the Tennessee-Georgia border. Likewise, James Birdseye McPherson began movement from Lee and Gordon Mill towards Ship's Gap and crossing through Villanow to Snake Creek Gap. From here he would move on Resaca, strategically important because of two bridges the railroad used. After a brief encounter with Confederates stationed at Tunnel Hill on May 7, Thomas began the Battle of Rocky Face with attacks at Dug and Mill Creek Gaps on May 8. These attacks, which actually saw the Army of the Cumberland gain a foothold on Rocky Face Ridge continued throughout May 9th.

The Fighting Moves South

Sherman ordered both the Army of the Cumberland and the Army of the Ohio to abandon their positions near Dalton and move south on May 10 in support of the Army of the Tennessee. McPherson had his men to dig in after finding stronger than expected Rebel resistance in Resaca. Faced with a larger force in his rear, Johnston hastily moved south on the Western and Atlantic Railroad, joining Leonidas Polk and the Army of Mississippi a position east of Snake Creek Gap. During the Battle of Resaca (May 14-15), Johnston held his position in spite of a numerically superior enemy, but retreated when he found Sherman once again outflanked the Rebel army.

On to Kingston

After opting not to fight near Adairsville because the Oothcaloga Valley was too wide, Johnston decided to set a trap for Sherman on May 18-19. With the Union Army spread out across twenty miles of difficult terrain west of Cassville, Johnston decided to take the offensive and ordered John Bell Hood to attack Sherman's eastern column. Prior to the attack, Hood received word of federal troops to his rear and withdrew.

By the end of the day Hood and Polk were concerned about their positions. Despite strong objections from Hardee, Johnston withdrew. Sherman paused. His occupation of the city of Kingston gave him a base from which he could regroup his men after a stunning 50-mile in 12 days. From Kingston, Sherman had a choice to continue his move along the Western and Atlantic Railroad or to move south towards Dallas, a small crossroads town west of Marietta.

The Atlanta Campaign

Atlanta Campaign
Opening Curtain
Sherman leaves his lifeline
A Formidable Foe
The battles for Atlanta
Atlanta Campaign Chronology


The Civil War in Georgia
Beginning with the Great Locomotive Chase and the battle of Chickamauga, to the Atlanta Campaign and the March to the Sea

Article Links
A Formidable Foe
Army of the Tennessee
Atlanta Campaign
Atlanta Campaign Chronology
Battle of Rocky Face
George Thomas
James Birdseye McPherson
Joseph E. Johnston
Leonidas Polk
Resaca
Sherman leaves his lifeline
The battles for Atlanta
Western and Atlantic Railroad

About North Georgia
About North Georgia Index
Tools
Add link from your web site to Opening Curtain

 

Georgia Imix icon

| More
All of the photographs, graphics and text on About North Georgia (http://www.aboutnorthgeorgia.com) are © Copyright 1994-2017 by Golden Ink unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved. For more information please see our Copyright policy


[About North Georgia] [History] [Travel] [Adventure]
[American Indians] [Biography] [Parks ] [Attractions ] [Naturally] [Weather] [Railroads] [Rivers]
[Mountains] [Roads] [Feature Articles] [Previous Issues] [Facts] [Food]
[Giving Back] [Voices from the Past] [Poetry Corner] [Photography]
[Lodging] [About Us] [Bookstore ] [Events ] [Events by month ] [Letters ] [Help ] [Kudos ] [Randy's Corner]
Other Places: Today in Georgia History : Today in The Civil War : Georgia Attractions : Georgia Hiking : Chattanooga



Golden Ink Internet Solutions
Georgia's innovative design group

Legal Notice
Copyright Policy
Privacy Policy