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Additional information on the American Revolution in Georgia

First American Flag(1777)
At the start of the 1770's Georgia was the least populated of the 13 American colonies. Of the 50,000 inhabitants, half were slaves, and almost all of it's citizens were clustered near the coast. As events to the north began to lead to war with Britain, Georgia radicals disposed of Royal Governor James Wright and elected a new government. When the colonial representatives met in Philadelphia, Georgia joined The Continental Congress. In 1776, this Congress signed the Declaration of Independence. The Georgians that signed this document were:

Georgia signers of Declaration of IndependenceButton Gwinnett
Georgia signers of Declaration of IndependenceLyman Hall
Georgia signers of Declaration of IndependenceGeorge Walton

Three times early in the war Georgia tried to invade British-held Florida, fittingly known as the First Florida Expedition, the Second Florida Expedition and the Third Florida Expedition. Relatively few of the upcountry Georgia farmers participated in these expeditions. In 1778 new orders from London marked out the South as the main theater of war. British warships that had been sailing off the New York Harbor headed to the South Carolina and Georgia coast.

Major General Provost took Savannah with little resistance and converted the small community back to the British. For a brief time the Georgia assembly met under the authority of the British crown. Provost expanded his control of Georgia to Augusta and Sunbury, and with Cherokee support in north Georgia he controlled most of the state.
(For more information see Britain Attacks Georgia)

In South Carolina General Benjamin Lincoln put together a small force of locals to fight the British. In the summer of 1779 they contacted Admiral Valerie D'estaing, sailing in the French West Indies. Together they decided to attack Savannah. In early September D'estaing put in at the mouth of the Savannah River. His troops landed without opposition and probably could have walked into the city unopposed. Instead, D'estaing sent a demand for surrender to Provost in Savannah. Provost responded by quickening the pace at which he was strengthening the enforcements around the city. On October 9, 1779, the combined forces of Lincoln and D'estaing attacked the city. Provost's men held the line and as the attack was repelled, advanced on the retreating army. From an initial force of 5000 men, by the end of the day over 800 French and American soldiers lay dead. (See The Siege and Battle of Savannah for in depth detail on the fighting)

Since coastal Georgia and Augusta were under British control, Britain was claiming they had extinguished the revolt in Georgia, believable since they controlled Boston, New York and Philadelphia in the North. Then South Carolinian James Pickens joined Colonel Elijah Clarke and Colonel John Dooly and sent the British a message at Kettle Creek on February 14, 1779.

A brief history of Georgia's Warwoman
When grading crews went out that fateful day in 1912 to work on the Elberton and Eastern Railroad, they could not know the effect they were about to have on Georgia History. These men were about to prove that a Georgian by the name of Nancy "Warwoman" Hart actually existed. Near a piece of property she once owned they uncovered the grave of six men from the late 1700's, probably British, and changed the way America viewed a woman whose exploits had grown to mythical proportions.

The first story about Nancy Hart appeared in the Milledgeville Southern Recorder in 1825.

One day six Tories paid Nancy a call and demanded a meal. She soon spread before them smoking venison, hoe-cakes, and fresh honeycomb. Having stacked their arms, they seated themselves, and started to eat, when Nancy quick as a flash seized one of the guns, cocked it, and with a blazing oath declared she would blow out the brains of the first mortal that offered to rise or taste a mouthful! She sent one of her sons to inform the Whigs of her prisoners. Whether uncertain because of her cross-eyes which one she was aiming at, or transfixed by her ferocity, they remained quiet. The Whigs soon arrived and dealt with the Tories according to the rules of the times.

Over the years many historians began to debunk the stories of Nancy Hart. Finding the grave so close to Hart property gave the story such credence that today it is accepted as historical fact. On the northeast border with South Carolina, Hart County is the only county in Georgia named for a woman.

Declaration of Independence
American Revolution in Georgia:Chronology
  • July 10, 1775

  • Habersham and Captain Bowen accomplished the first seizure of a British
    ship at sea. They take Captain Maitland's armed schooner which is carrying powder. Georgia retains 9,000 pounds and sends 5,000 pounds to the Continental Army.

  • March 2&3, 1776 Battle of the Rice Boats at Savannah.

  • January 31, 1779 British take Augusta & Sunbury.

  • February 14, 1779 Battle of Kettle Creek. Georgia's favorite military action.

  • March 3, 1779 Battle of Brier Creek.

  • September 16, 1779 General Lincoln and Admiral d'Estaing besiege Savannah.

  • April 1781 Colonel Elijah Clarke & General Pickens began a siege of Augusta. Augusta falls on June 5, 1781, freeing upcountry Georgia of the British.

  • January 1782 General "Mad" Anthony Wayne arrives in Georgia & immediately launches a vigorous offensive which culminates in the British evacuation of Savannah on 10 & 11 July 1782.

  • April 28, 1794, Admiral d'Estaing guillotined by the Paris Mob. Just interesting.

About North Georgia's expanded Revolutionary War

Our Georgia History's extensive The American Revolution in Georgia
North Georgia, 1783-1828

American Revolution In Georgia
Georgia's role in the American Revolution
Georgia History
Articles about North Georgia history and the state in general. This section is currently being developed. For more information on Georgia History, please see The Civil War in Georgia

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