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Georgia Civil War Overview
About North Georgia

Overview

After The Great Locomotive Chase, three major campaigns were executed in North Georgia. the Chickamauga Campaign, saw the battles of Davis Crossroads and Chickamauga. The Atlanta Campaign included the battles of Dalton, Resaca, New Hope Church, Pickett's Mill, Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, Atlanta, Utoy Creek and Jonesboro were fought on its soil.

Finally, the Union Army headed east in a March to the Sea. This is a strategic look at the fighting in North Georgia during the Civil War.

Chickamauga Campaign

Braxton Bragg retreated from Tullahoma, Tennessee to Chattanooga, Tennessee while William S. Rosecrans advanced from Hoover Gap to Stevenson, Alabama. After a 6-week rest, Rosecrans Army of the Cumberland moved through the gaps in Lookout Mountain and Bragg withdrew from Chattanooga. As the Army of the Cumberland came out of the gaps in Georgia they did not know Ntsgg's Army of Tennessee was located betweensed a problem and began to move towards Chattanooga when Bragg, reinforced bn them and their objective, the Western and Atlantic Railroad. Rosecrans sey Longstreet's Corps from the Army of Northern Virginia hit Rosecrans' line with everything Bragg could muster. The 2-day battle of Chickamauga was the largest Confederate victory of the war.

The defeated Army of the Cumberland holed up in Chattanooga, Tennessee and even its commander, William S. Rosecrans doubted his army's ability to fight. Abraham Lincoln assembled the XX Corps under Joseph Hooker, moved it by rail to Stevenson, Alabama, ordered Sherman east from Mississippi, removed Rosecrans from command and put Ulysses S. Grant in charge. Grant gave command of the Army of the Cumberland to George Thomas and personally took command of the situation. He approved crossing the Tennessee River at Brown's Ferry, opened the Cracker Line, took Orchard Knob and Lookout Mountain before defeating Bragg and the Army of Tennessee on Missionary Ridge. Bragg chose Patrick Cleburne for rear-guard. Cleburne and Hooker fought the Battle of Ringgold Gap east of the Georgia city.

Atlanta Campaign

After wintering in Ringgold for 3 months, Grant went to Washington to accept a promotion to General-in-Chief of the United States forces. Sherman was left to plan and execute the Atlanta Campaign on his own. Heading south along the Western and Atlantic Railroad Sherman engaged the Confederates, now under his old friend Joseph E. Johnston at Tunnel Hill, Dalton, and Resaca before heading into dense forest south of Kingston. As Hooker came out at New Hope Church he ran into John Bell Hood's Corps. Sherman wanted Thomas and O. O. Howard to turn the Rebel right flank, but they ran into the Union Army's nemesis Patrick Cleburne at Pickett's Mill. As the Union Army moved east north of the Confederate line, William Hardee struck them at Dallas.

Fighting along Johnston's line at Lost Mountain and Pine Mountain did little, but when Dan Butterfield struck Pat Cleburne at Gilgal Church, he became the first Union General to repulse the crafty Confederate. As Cleburne retreated, Johnston shifted his line from east-to-west to north-to-south and got ready for Sherman to strike near Kennesaw Mountain

Sherman, never one for a frontal assault tried to go around but Joe Hooker and John Schofield ran into John Bell Hood at Kolbs Farm. When that failed Sherman struck Johnson with 8,000 men along a 5-mile front, centered on Cheatham Hill. While the Confederate line did not break, in less than a week Johnston withdrew, first to the Smyrna Line and then to the Chattahoochee River Line.

John Schofield crossed the Chattahoochee River at Sope Creek. James McPherson headed to Decatur while George Thomas crossed the Chattahoochee at Roswell and moved south to Peachtree Creek.


Georgia History
Articles about North Georgia history and the state in general. This section is currently being developed. For more information on Georgia History, please see The Civil War in Georgia

Article Links
Abraham Lincoln
Army of Tennessee
Army of the Cumberland
Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Ringgold Gap
Braxton Bragg
Brown's Ferry
Chattahoochee River
Chattahoochee River Line
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Cheatham Hill
Chickamauga
Chickamauga Campaign
Cracker Line
Davis Crossroads
George Thomas
Gilgal Church
James McPherson
John Bell Hood
Joseph E. Johnston
Joseph Hooker
Kennesaw Mountain
Kolbs Farm
Lookout Mountain
March to the Sea
Missionary Ridge
Orchard Knob
Patrick Cleburne
Peachtree Creek
Sope Creek
The Great Locomotive Chase
Ulysses S. Grant
Western and Atlantic Railroad
William Hardee
William S. Rosecrans

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