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Helen:Her Story
Captain Nichols and Anna Ruby Falls
About North Georgia

Capt. Nichols
After the Civil War, Captain J. H. Nichols began purchasing land throughout the Nacoochee Valley. Included in these purchases were Anna Ruby Falls and the Indian Mound at the corner of Route 17 and 75. An interesting side note: James H. Nichols reached the rank of Colonel, but it was common custom to address him as Captain.

According to folklore, after the deaths of his wife and child, Nichols discovered a set of falls while horseback riding and named them for his remaining daughter, Anna Ruby. In reality, the falls were known as early as 1819, 50 years before Nichols began his land purchases.

In July 1870, while plowing the field on which the Nacoochee Mound sits, Captain Nichols uncovered a Moundbuilder grave. Additionally, one of the implements discovered in the grave had been made of stone from the Lake Superior area. In 1890 Nichols built the red-topped gazebo atop the Nacoochee Indian Mound after removing the top third of the mound. The gazebo is one of the most photographed scenes in North Georgia today, with Mount Yonah the perfect backdrop. There are three additional mounds in the area.

Anna Ruby Falls
Nichols built the home he called "West End," an 1869 Italianate farmhouse west of the Nacoochee Indian Mound. The property had 19 buildings and Nichols' furniture, when he sold it to Calvin Hunnicutt, a businessman from Atlanta, purchased the home in 1893. Hunnnicutt lived in the house for 10 summers. In 1903, Dr. Lamartine G. Hardman purchased the property, including Nichols remaining furniture. Hardman, a two-term governor of Georgia. expanded the acreage of the property and developed a year-round working farm.

Perhaps Nichols' greatest contribution to the history of Helen came after his death. His land was sold in parcels and a group of men from South Carolina purchased most of it, including Anna Ruby Falls, as an investment.

Next: Wood is the new Gold

Helen:Her Story

Archaic Indians in Sautee-Nacoochee Valley
Early Cherokee Influence
Spanish Influence in Helen
First Settlers Arrive
Unicoi Turnpike
Gold Discovered in Georgia
After The Gold Rush
Captain Nichols and Anna Ruby Falls
Wood is the new Gold
End of the Wood Era
Charlie Maloof and Arthur Woody
A new road for Helen
A Park named Unicoi
Helen 1954-1969
Rebirth of Helen
Modern Helen
Helen-Her Fun
Directions to Helen


Alpine Helen
Popular tourist destination in Northeast Georgia

Article Links
A Park named Unicoi
A new road for Helen
After The Gold Rush
Anna Ruby Falls
Archaic Indians in Sautee-Nacoochee Valley
Captain Nichols and Anna Ruby Falls
Charlie Maloof and Arthur Woody
Directions to Helen
Early Cherokee Influence
End of the Wood Era
First Settlers Arrive
Gold Discovered in Georgia
Helen 1954-1969
Helen-Her Fun
Modern Helen
Rebirth of Helen
Spanish Influence in Helen
Unicoi Turnpike
Wood is the new Gold

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