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Barrow County
About North Georgia

Founded

Barrow County was formed on July_7, 1914, taken from Jackson and Walton County.

Name Derivation

Named in honor of the popular chancellor of the University of Georgia, David Crenshaw "Uncle Dave" Barrow.

County Seat

Winder, incorporated in 1893, had been known by a number of names. It began as an Indian settlement, Snodon. A trading post known as Jug Handle was probably the first settler building. The area was called Brandon as it was settled, but the name Jug Handle or The Jug remained popular.

Pottery

A small village in the county, know as Jug Factory, was renamed to Statham in 1892. Jug Factory was founded by Charles Ferguson, who was later joined by at least 3 members of the DeLay family. Additionally, a daughter of the DeLay family married Charles Ferguson's son, who was also a potter. Advertisements for the potters in the Jug Factory area indicate they made jugs, jars, bowls, pitchers, dinner plates and soup bowls, cups and saucers, mugs, coffee and tea pots, baking pans and chambers.

An extended family of potters, some interrelated by marriage, spread throughout the county and into Jackson County. In 1875 the railroad gave Gillsville access to Gainesville and beyond and attracted many of the Barrow County potters, although some potters remained in Barrow County into the 20th century.


Railroads

Originally, the Gainsville, Jefferson and Southern Railroad, a narrow-gauge short line railroad ran through the city, connecting it to Gainesville in 1883. Days after the railroad was completed to Monroe the railroad was consolidated with the Walton Railroad to extend it to Social Circle where it joined the Georgia Railroad. This railroad entered receivership in 1897 and became the Gainesville Midland Railroad in 1904.

Georgia, Carolina & Northern Railway was to be built south of the city of Winder, with a direct route to Atlanta. The city offered low cost land to the railroad to entice it to build within the current city limits, including the naming of the city in honor of Seaboard Air Line's president, John Winder(the GC&N, which had been a leasee of the Seaboard Air Line since 1889).

Russell Family

Richard B. Russell, Sr. married Ina Dillard in 1893 and moved to a farm just outside Winder, Georgia in 1894, forming the village of Russell in 1902. The elder Russell served as state legislator, judge, state supreme court justice, and ran unsuccessfully for governor of Georgia.

His son, Richard Brevard Russell, Jr. was elected governor in 1931 and won an election to complete the unfinished term of William Harris. He served in the U. S. Senate for 40 years, running for President of the United States in 1952, but loosing mostly because of his refusal to denounce segregation.

County: Barrow County
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Barrow County

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Gainsville, Jefferson and Southern Railroad
Georgia, Carolina & Northern Railway
Richard Brevard Russell, Jr.
Seaboard Air Line

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