About North Georgia
60 Hikes within 60 Miles Atlanta
More from About North Georgia on Facebook (no account required)






Search
Adventure
Attractions
Biographies
Books
Businesses
Cherokee
Christmas
Civil War
Counties
Creek
Events
Facts
Features
Food
Giving Back
Helen
History
Indians
Letters
Lodging
Moundbuilders
Mountains
Naturally
Notes
Parks
Past Issues
Photography
Poetry
Railroads
Revolution
Rivers
Roads
Stops
Tenn
Travel
Voices
Weather
Website

Atlanta Campaign
About North Georgia

The Atlanta Campaign and The March to the Sea

Many people mistakenly combine and intermingle the events of the Atlanta Campaign and the March to the Sea. They are two distinct campaigns. Their only similarity is that they were fought in Georgia. The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles whose stated intent was to destroy the Army of Tennessee.

The March to the Sea was a 6-week romp beginning in Kingston, Georgia in November, 1864. It ended east of Fort McAllister in December, 1864.

Chattanooga

In March, 1864 William Tecumseh Sherman was placed in charge of the Military Division of the Mississippi comprised of George Thomas's Army of the Cumberland, James Birdseye McPherson's Army of the Tennessee, and John Schofield's Army of the Ohio, a total of about 100,000 men. Sherman's superior numbers, well fed and equipped, faced a Confederate force of 65,000 men whose biggest problems were getting blankets, shoes and small arms. In December, 1863, Joseph E. Johnston assumed command of the Army of Tennessee when Braxton Bragg resigned following the defeat of his forces at Chattanooga, Tennessee. The stage was set for what would become known as the Atlanta Campaign.

Winter, 1863-64

During the winter of 1863-64 operations in the west did not ceased. In late February Sherman marched on Meridian, Mississippi to attack Leonidas Polk and settle a small piece of business he left open whenn Ulysses S. Grant called him to Chattanooga. George Thomas feinted against the Rebel fortifications in Dalton from his base at Ringgold to prevent Joe Johnston from reinforcing Polk. Thomas was easily repulsed. All during the winter, preparations continued for the campaign coming in the spring. "Uncle Billy" ordered his soldiers trained not only in military tactics but rail work as well, since he realized the Western and Atlantic Railroad would be his lifeline, and any Rebel damage would have to be quickly repaired.

General Ulysses S. Grant told Sherman that his mission was "...inflicting all the damage you can against their War resources." The destruction of the Southern war machine played a key role in Lincoln's "divide and conquer" strategy. Atlanta lay as Sherman's prize with the Appalachian Mountains and the Confederate Army as its protector.

Sherman's Goal

"Salt Water" was what Sherman told a northern reporter in Ringgold when asked about his goal.

The Atlanta Campaign

Prelude
Opening Curtain
Sherman leaves his lifeline
A formidable foe
The battles for Atlanta
Atlanta Campaign Chronology

County: Catoosa County
Cass County
Bartow County
Cobb County
Fulton County
Whitfield County

Georgia History
Articles about North Georgia history and the state in general. This section is currently being developed. For more information on Georgia History, please see The Civil War in Georgia
The Civil War in Georgia
Beginning with the Great Locomotive Chase and the battle of Chickamauga, to the Atlanta Campaign and the March to the Sea

Article Links
A formidable foe
Army of Tennessee
Army of the Cumberland
Army of the Ohio
Army of the Tennessee
Atlanta Campaign Chronology
Braxton Bragg
Chattanooga, Tennessee
George Thomas
James Birdseye McPherson
Joseph E. Johnston
Leonidas Polk
March to the Sea
Opening Curtain
Sherman leaves his lifeline
The battles for Atlanta
Ulysses S. Grant
Western and Atlantic Railroad
William Tecumseh Sherman

About North Georgia
About North Georgia Index
Tools
Add link from your web site to Atlanta Campaign

 

Georgia Imix icon

| More
All of the photographs, graphics and text on About North Georgia (http://www.aboutnorthgeorgia.com) are © Copyright 1994-2017 by Golden Ink unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved. For more information please see our Copyright policy


[About North Georgia] [History] [Travel] [Adventure]
[American Indians] [Biography] [Parks ] [Attractions ] [Naturally] [Weather] [Railroads] [Rivers]
[Mountains] [Roads] [Feature Articles] [Previous Issues] [Facts] [Food]
[Giving Back] [Voices from the Past] [Poetry Corner] [Photography]
[Lodging] [About Us] [Bookstore ] [Events ] [Events by month ] [Letters ] [Help ] [Kudos ] [Randy's Corner]
Other Places: Today in Georgia History : Today in The Civil War : Georgia Attractions : Georgia Hiking : Chattanooga



Golden Ink Internet Solutions
Georgia's innovative design group

Legal Notice
Copyright Policy
Privacy Policy