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Helen: Her Story
Archaic Indians in Sautee-Nacoochee Valley
About North Georgia

Early Inhabitants

Indian Mound at Nacoochee
Sometime around 2,500 B.C., during the Middle Archaic period, American Indians moved into the general area of Nacoochee. Nearby areas in Rabun County and Union County also show evidence of early visits, however significant Indian population probably did not develop until the late Woodland Indian era (800-1000AD).

Four distinct Indian Mounds exist in the Nacoochee Valley. The mounds are generally ascribed to the Moundbuilders, however, the current belief is that the mound is transitional in nature. The site was a Woodland Indian village that evolved into a Moundbuilder site. Known to archaeologists as Mississippian Moundbuilders, this culture spread quickly throughout the eastern United States, eventually covering most of Georgia including all of the Chattahoochee River.

Burial site uncovered in 1915 excavation
Excavations of the Nacoochee Mound were overseen by the Smithsonian Institute. The excavators found that the top of the mound had been removed and the mound itself was smaller in circumference than the original mound. Starting on June 19, 1915 and continuing until July 2, the excavation produced 75 burials.

Next: Early Cherokee Influence

Helen:Her Story

Archaic Indians in Sautee-Nacoochee Valley
Early Cherokee Influence
Spanish Influence in Helen
First Settlers Arrive
Unicoi Turnpike
Gold Discovered in Georgia
After The Gold Rush
Captain Nichols and Anna Ruby Falls
Wood is the new Gold
End of the Wood Era
Charlie Maloof and Arthur Woody
A new road for Helen
A Park named Unicoi
Helen 1954-1969
Rebirth of Helen
Modern Helen
Helen-Her Fun
Directions to Helen


Alpine Helen
Popular tourist destination in Northeast Georgia
American Indians of Georgia
Moundbuilders, Creek and Cherokee all called North Georgia home

Article Links
A Park named Unicoi
A new road for Helen
After The Gold Rush
Archaic Indians in Sautee-Nacoochee Valley
Captain Nichols and Anna Ruby Falls
Charlie Maloof and Arthur Woody
Chattahoochee River
Directions to Helen
Early Cherokee Influence
End of the Wood Era
First Settlers Arrive
Gold Discovered in Georgia
Helen 1954-1969
Helen-Her Fun
Modern Helen
Moundbuilders
Rabun County
Rebirth of Helen
Spanish Influence in Helen
Unicoi Turnpike
Union County
Wood is the new Gold
Woodland Indian

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