The Boeing 707 was the first commercial jet transport. A 707 was used as Air Force One until replaced by a 747
As the Boeing 707-328 taxied from the terminal at Orly Airport in Paris, France the crew began its pre-flight check. The Air France jet known at "Chateau de Sully" had been chartered for a long haul flight back to the Gateway City after the highly successful tour of the Atlanta Art Association. On board were 122 passengers and a 10 member flight crew.
A Boeing 707
Ivan Allen, who had only recently become mayor, officially said goodbye to 106 art patrons in early May, 1962. He did not know it, but he was saying goodbye to these "lifelong friends" for the last time. For nearly a month the cream of Atlanta society paid homage to the beautiful art of Europe. Culmination of the Art Association Paris tour was a visit to the Louvre, where the group saw paintings by Rembrandt, Raphael, da Vinci, and an icon of American art -- "Whistler's Mother." From Paris they journeyed to the Old World art centers that had long made Europe an American tourist destination. It had been a good trip -- much significant artwork, antiques and artifacts had been purchased, mostly for the private collections of the individuals or as gifts for friends.
Orly Airport as it appeared in 1962
When the members of the Atlanta Art Association returned to Paris from Rome, Italy on June 2, they headed for famous Orly Airport south of the city along the River Seine on the following day for a late morning meal and then departure. The plane would fly from Paris to New York's Idlewild Airport (it was later renamed to JFK International), then on to Atlanta.
As the pilot began his take-off roll down Runway 8, he maintained the runway center without a problem. At roughly 6000 feet (1800 meters), the plane began lift-off. It was at this point that the pilot realized something was wrong. According to witnesses, the nose of the aircraft rose from the runway, but the body of the jet remained on the ground. Unknown to the pilot at the time a motor that controlled the trim failed: there was no choice but to abort take-off.
One goal of any pilot in this type of situation is to maintain the aircraft on the paved runway. Unfortunately, most of the 10,700 foot runway 8 had been expended as the 10,000 pound thrust Pratt and Whitney engines powered up for take-off. The Chateau de Sully would have to come to a stop in less than 3000 feet.
Immediately, the Air France pilot tried to lower the speed through braking. The tires evaporated as he began to raise his flaps to decrease his speed (braking by itself would not have stopped the aircraft). The plane angled slightly to the left but skill kept the hurtling aircraft on runway. Then came a harder move to the left as the Boeing jet approached the edge of the pavement. The plane twisted right as the struggling pilot tried to gain control of the aircraft, possibly attempting a maneuver know as a "ground loop" during the rapid deceleration.
After the tires were gone, the bare metal rims gouged deep ruts into the tarmac. Finally the heavy gauge steel could no longer stand the stress and they, too collapsed. About this time the 707 crossed into a grassy field at the end of the runway. The plane bounced on the uneven ground as the pilot continued his battle to control the aircraft. 300 feet after the plane left the runway its left undercarriage broke off and fell to the ground.
Still, an open field lay in front of the pilot, and there might be a chance he could avoid both the substantial landing lights and the small stone cottage that lay between the aircraft and the River Seine, if he was lucky. But time had run out. As the plane crossed the access road that formed the perimeter of Orly Airport, the number 2 engine (on the left side) broke into flames. Jarring blows from the uneven ground loosened the engine, which dragged the plane to the left, into the landing lights the pilot had tried to avoid. Down went the engine followed by what remained of the landing gear, bursting into flames as the aircraft began to disintegrate.
At the point where the land begins a steep decline to the Seine the only major piece still intact was the fuselage, the part holding the passengers and flight crew. Down the slope it sped towards the Seine, striking the empty stone cottage. The fuselage was consumed in a fireball, breaking into pieces.
Of the 132 people on-board the Chateau de Sully, 129 died immediately. Two stewardesses lives were spared: they were in their seats in the tail section, which broke off before the plane struck the cottage, and walked away from the crash. A third stewardess, who had also been in the tail section died shortly after being rescued. Only the mid-air 1960 crash of a TWA Constellation and a United DC-8 over New York City had taken more lives (134)
Atlanta struggled to deal with the loss. Life came to a standstill as the Gateway City mourned its dead. The suits resulting from the accident were adjudicated in the U. S. Court system and represented the largest settlement from a single accident at the time. From the ashes of the Chateau de Sully rose a lasting memorial to the men and women who died on the aircraft. The people of the city of Atlanta gave the Woodruff Arts Center in memory of their fallen comrades.