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Acts of War
About North Georgia

After the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Britain's King George III decided to keep the largest standing army in the world in peacetime. To pay for the army the Parliament decided to tax the colonies, especially those in North America.

In 1763, virtually all Georgians were loyal subjects, however, these acts, some particularly burdensome to Georgians, began to create opposition to British rule. The phrase "no taxation without representation" and the word "boycott" become popular terms within the American culture.

NameDateProvisionsGeorgia's reaction
Revenue Act of 1764
(Sugar Act)
April 5, 1764Revised duties on sugar, tea, coffee, wine; expanded jurisdiction of some courts.Protests about taxation; Georgia especially concerned because of lumber trade with sugar-producing Caribbean countries.
Stamp ActMarch 22, 1765 thru March 18, 1766Documents must contain a revenue stamp to be legal.All deeds, wills, marriage licenses, even newspapers affected. Georgia's stamp master serves a single day in January, 1766.
Quartering ActMay, 1765British troops must be given housing on demand from colonists.New York Assembly is punished for not complying. The king could not house troops in subjects homes in England, but permitted to do so in the colonies.
Declaratory ActMarch 18, 1766Parliament declares sovereignty over colonies in all cases.Enacted on the same day that Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, this was merely positioning so that England would not lose face for giving in to the colonies.
Townshend ActsJune 26, 29, July 2, 1767; repealed April 12, 1770 (some texts list a March date.) except for tax on tea.Includes duties on new items including tea, glass and other goods available in the Western HemisphereGeorgia begin to import goods directly from nearby Western Hemisphere trading partners rather than buy from England. Georgia House dissolved in dispute over this act.
Tea ActMay 10, 1773East India Tea Company granted sole right to sell tea directly to Americans; some duties on tea reducedTea was a popular drink not only in Georgia but throughout the colonies. Nearest Tea Party (small in amount of tea and number of participants) in Charleston, SC because Savannah has no tea assigned.
Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts)March-June, 1774Closes Boston Harbor; eliminates current government of Massachusetts; restricts many other government meetings.Convening of first Continental Congress (September, 1774). Because Georgia's radical movement had not matured at this time, no representatives were sent although Liberty County's Lyman Hall was elected to go by the county
Prohibitory ActDecember 22, 1775Tries to force Americans into submission with direct attacks on liberties granted all Englishmen.Final blow for many Georgians, although a majority may still have been loyalists at this time. War was already 8 months old.

While Americans, in general, like to believe they were in the forefront of rebellion, much of the early ideology is taken from the tiny island country of Barbados. In 1652 they first proposed two concepts that would become much of the crux of the American Revolution, "No Taxation Without Consent," and self-government by a governor and council. Benjamin Franklin's original plan for a Colonial Confederation included Barbados and other colonies.

Next: End of the French and Indian War

Introduction to the American Revolution in Georgia
Acts of War
End of the French and Indian War
Sugar Act; Stamp Act
Liberty Boys; Virginia Resolves
Radical Georgia Unites
Tea Act and Tea Party
Movement towards Independence
Battle of the Rice Boats
On to Independence
Declaration of Independence
Problems in East Florida
British Take Savannah and Augusta
Battle of Kettle Creek
Battle of Brier Creek
Battle of Savannah
Dark days for Georgia
End of the Revolution
Chronology of Georgia events


American Revolution In Georgia
Georgia's role in the American Revolution

Article Links
Acts of War
Battle of Brier Creek
Battle of Kettle Creek
Battle of Savannah
Battle of the Rice Boats
British Take Savannah and Augusta
Dark days for Georgia
Declaration of Independence
End of the French and Indian War
End of the Revolution
Introduction to the American Revolution in Georgia
Liberty Boys; Virginia Resolves
Liberty County
Lyman Hall
Movement towards Independence
On to Independence
Problems in East Florida
Radical Georgia Unites
Sugar Act; Stamp Act
Tea Act and Tea Party

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