About North Georgia
60 Hikes within 60 Miles Atlanta
More from About North Georgia on Facebook (no account required)






Search
Adventure
Attractions
Biographies
Books
Businesses
Cherokee
Christmas
Civil War
Counties
Creek
Events
Facts
Features
Food
Giving Back
Helen
History
Indians
Letters
Lodging
Moundbuilders
Mountains
Naturally
Notes
Parks
Past Issues
Photography
Poetry
Railroads
Revolution
Rivers
Roads
Stops
Tenn
Travel
Voices
Weather
Website

The Atlanta Campaign
A Formidable Foe
May - Sept, 1864
About North Georgia

Having regained the Western and Atlantic Railroad the Union Army took Acworth on June_2, 1864. For the next month William Tecumseh Sherman would try to capture Marietta in a series of battles known as the Marietta Operations. Included battles and skirmishes:

  • Lost Mountain
  • Pine Mountain
  • Brush(y) Mountain
  • Burnt Hickory
  • Noonday Creek
  • Battle of Gilgal Church or Golgotha Church
  • Mud Creek
  • Olley's Creek

Main article:Kennesaw Mountain Battles

From his base in Acworth, Sherman slowly pushed the Rebel Army back towards Marietta. On June 14, General Leonidas Polk was killed by an artillery shell fired under the personal direction of Sherman. Although Polk was not a great military leader he was beloved by his men and respected by both Johnston and Hood, whom he had baptized during the campaign.

On June 18 the Confederate line ran north to south from Kennesaw Mountain to Peter Kolb's farm. The Union line was less than a mile west.

A frontal assault on Johnston's entrenched position would be expensive in terms of lives. Sherman decided to try the flanking movement that had worked so well further north. Sensing the movement, Hood attacked Hooker's XX Corps in the vicinity of Kolb's (or Culp's) Farm without orders on June 22 (Battle of Kolb's Farm). The move prevented Sherman from turning the Rebel flank, but the 1,000 Confederate dead was an exceeding high cost.

For 5 days the Union Army organized under the watchful eyes of the Confederates. Supply wagons and men stretched as far the eye could see. On Monday, June 27, 1864, Sherman launched The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, a full frontal attack on the entrenched Rebel line. It would be the worst defeat of the Federal forces during the Atlanta Campaign.

Further Union Army movement after the battle finally exposed Johnston's flank. During the night of July 1-2 the Confederate commander withdrew to fortified positions between Marietta and Atlanta known as the Chattahoochee River Line. The battles for Kennesaw were over. Now Sherman turned his attention to Atlanta.


The Atlanta Campaign

Prelude
Opening Curtain
Sherman leaves his lifeline
A Formidable Foe
The battles for Atlanta
Atlanta Campaign Chronology


The Civil War in Georgia
Beginning with the Great Locomotive Chase and the battle of Chickamauga, to the Atlanta Campaign and the March to the Sea

Article Links
Atlanta Campaign Chronology
Battle of Gilgal Church
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Kolb's Farm
Chattahoochee River Line
Kennesaw Mountain Battles
Leonidas Polk
Opening Curtain
Prelude
Sherman leaves his lifeline
The battles for Atlanta
Western and Atlantic Railroad
William Tecumseh Sherman

About North Georgia
About North Georgia Index
Tools
Add link from your web site to A Formidable Foe

 

Georgia Imix icon

| More
All of the photographs, graphics and text on About North Georgia (http://www.aboutnorthgeorgia.com) are © Copyright 1994-2017 by Golden Ink unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved. For more information please see our Copyright policy


[About North Georgia] [History] [Travel] [Adventure]
[American Indians] [Biography] [Parks ] [Attractions ] [Naturally] [Weather] [Railroads] [Rivers]
[Mountains] [Roads] [Feature Articles] [Previous Issues] [Facts] [Food]
[Giving Back] [Voices from the Past] [Poetry Corner] [Photography]
[Lodging] [About Us] [Bookstore ] [Events ] [Events by month ] [Letters ] [Help ] [Kudos ] [Randy's Corner]
Other Places: Today in Georgia History : Today in The Civil War : Georgia Attractions : Georgia Hiking : Chattanooga



Golden Ink Internet Solutions
Georgia's innovative design group

Legal Notice
Copyright Policy
Privacy Policy